Drug dealers can, and often do, make their own products. But it’s not unusual for dealers to reach out to foreign partners to get what they need to satisfy their customers. Government treaties and agreements aim to stop those connections from forming and thriving.
Politicians have tried to stop international drug traders for decades. Early attempts included the:
- International Opium Convention, which was signed in January 1912.
- Agreement for the Control of Opium Smoking in the Far East, which was signed in November 1931.
- Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs, which was signed in June 1936.
All of these agreements had one main goal: to keep drugs from moving from one part of the world to another. But until 1946, there was no real agreement on which drugs should be addressed, experts say.
Everyone seemed to agree that opium and products like it were dangerous. But no one seemed sure if the scope should expand.
In 1946, the Commission on Narcotics Drugs was established as part of the United Nations. This organization has a mandate to:
- Analyze. The group looks over data on global use and manufacture of drugs.
- Help. The group crafts policies and resolutions that aim to rehabilitate people who have drug addictions.
- Prevent. The group hopes to keep people from picking up a drug habit.
- Block. The organization hopes to keep both completed drugs and their ingredients from crossing borders.
The commission has control over 130 drugs, all considered narcotics, including:
- Coca (the precursor to cocaine)
People familiar with this organization and its work might consider any drug that is monitored a narcotic.