Further information contained in the report discusses local research highlights, including a study on cannabis use and abuse, and adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART). The study concluded that there were few effects of cannabis on ART, and abusing other drugs appeared to reduce adherence to a strict medication regimen. However, this could be associated with other problems that make illicit substance abuse worse, like struggling with housing issues.
Information from Chicago on infectious diseases and associated substance abuse found that, for the 13 consecutive years preceding 2014, new HIV diagnoses declined. There was a 6 percent reduction between 2010 and 2014, and a 48 percent reduction between 2001 and 2014.
Policy and law changes for the Chicago metro area dictated that pharmacists could dispense naloxone without a prescription. This is an extension of Good Samaritan laws that many local and state governments are adopting.
With a large, diverse population, Chicago’s information shows changes in problems affecting many areas in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. Since there are medical institutions and resources for people struggling with drugs or alcohol, Chicago can gather anonymous information about treatment changes too. This data can be vital in allocating resources to areas of need.