Most Z-drugs are prescribed to treat insomnia, a sleep disorder that makes it hard to fall or stay asleep. Sleep deprivation can cause interruptions to quality of life. Over time, people feel desperate to get the sleep they need.
Z-drugs are also known as z-sedatives or hypnotics because they cause you to feel extremely calm to induce sleep. These drugs come in a variety of formulations, and they carry some potential risks.
When Are Z-Drugs Needed?
Most adults will have an episode of insomnia at some point in their lives, per Mayo Clinic. This may occur after a difficult or traumatic event in life, but it is expected to go away within a few days or weeks. Other times, insomnia can seem to spring from no discernable cause, but again, it usually passes within a few days.
In some people, insomnia can last for months at a time. If it does, it can significantly impact quality of life, making you feel very tired and irritable. Over time, lack of sleep can lead to a bevy of health issues.
Lifestyle changes, including sleep hygiene practices, are the first approach to sleep issues. Doctors will generally recommend that people employ various practices that support sleep, such as sticking to a set sleep schedule, fostering a supportive sleep environment, and engaging in relaxing activities before bed, such as meditating.